Nepal became model for change globally when abortion was legalized under the 11th Amendment to the Civil Code in March 2002. The bill became law when the Nepal Government affixed the Royal Seal in September 2002. However, there was long delay of 15 months before the procedural order, which authorizes the implementation of legal services, was approved by the cabinet on December 25, 2003.
Short summary of conditions within the law :
According to the new law, only listed (trained) doctors or health workers can provide safe abortion services at listed (approved) health facilities, under the following conditions:
Within the first 12 weeks of pregnancy for any woman on her request. The permission of husband or guardian is not required for women above 16 years of age
Within the first 18 weeks of pregnancy in cases of rape and incest
At any time if the pregnancy poses danger to the life or physical or mental health of the pregnant woman or the foetus is seriously deformed and it is recommended by a doctor.
(Government policy enabling for the law, enabling beyond the law in practice etc such as population control policy, pro- natalist policy, anti sex selection policy, two child family norm)
In 2004, a Safe abortion policy was developed in order to ensure the availability of safe and legal services which states that pregnancy termination shall not be performed based on sex selection. It will be punishable if abortion is performed without the consent of the pregnant women. There is no pro-natalist policy or norms of the government on the number of child. However, the policy states that abortion should not be used as a method of family planning.
© SUNAULO PARIVAR NEPAL