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What is Vasectomy?

Contraception and family planning  •  19 November 2021  • 3 min read



Male sterilization, better known as Vasectomy, is a permanent method used to prevent pregnancy.

This medical procedure is one of the most effective methods of birth control. Vasectomy involves closing the tubes that carry sperm from testicles to the penis. When there is no sperm in the semen the chance of getting pregnant is zero.

While vasectomy is super safe and effective, there are a lot of misconceptions and myths flying around like it affects your sexual life and you can’t have proper ejaculation. Misinformation like these have stopped many people from trying this method of family planning.

Here we will be looking at what vasectomy is, its effectiveness, and if it is the best method of family planning for you.

What is Vasectomy?

Vasectomy is a permanent procedure done by men to prevent pregnancy. Vasectomy is performed by a doctor in their office or any medical facility. While there are a couple of methods of vasectomy, most processes involve making incisions in the scrotum to access the vas deferens (tubes that carry sperm from testicles), and then the tubes are cut and sealed.

The procedure doesn’t take more than 30 mins and is performed under local anesthesia. Being a quick procedure, you can return home the same day. Following the procedure, you’ll have to avoid sexual activities for a couple of weeks and avoid doing strenuous work.

How safe and effective is Vasectomy?

Vasectomy if done by a health professional or a doctor is almost 100% effective against pregnancy. However, it takes up to 3 months for your semen to become sperm-free. During this period, one can use other methods of contraceptives.

When it comes to safety, vasectomy is one of the safest procedures and the failure rate is approximately 1 man in 2000. However, like all medical procedures, a few minor complications may arise but they are easily treatable.

Who is Vasectomy for?

Vasectomy being a permanent procedure, it’s not for people planning on having children in the future. Your doctor or health professional will walk you through the process and the consequences.

Is Vasectomy Reversible?

Vasectomy is meant to be permanent and reversing the process is complicated and there are no guarantees on whether it may work or not. The chances of a reversal operation working are very slim and it depends on how long ago you had your vasectomy and which type of vasectomy you got.

Can Vasectomy prevent STDs?

While it’s effective against pregnancy, vasectomy won’t prevent the spread of sexually transmitted infection. The fluids shared during sexual intercourse can still carry the STD. So, it’s safe to use contraceptives like condoms, even after you have a vasectomy.

Vasectomy is a great method when it comes to preventing pregnancy. So, if you are thinking of getting a vasectomy it’s always better to consult with a doctor or your health care professional. If you are looking to talk to a healthcare professional, you can call the 1143 toll-free number provided by Marie Stopes Nepal.